Dogs come in many shape, sizes and colors. Nobody can tell you what type of dog to get. That is a personal decision. But one thing you have to remember, if you get a puppy, it will grow up and look different, it will not be its cute little puppy self. You have to be willing to accept change. Puppies and Dogs are indeed a LOT of work. They have to be fed, bathed, brushed, socialized and played with on a regular basis. Getting any type of pet should be thought out very carefully, weigh the pros and cons and decide if now is the time to get a pet. One thing to remember, most pets live over 5 years. If you are looking for a pet for only a few years, try adopting an older pet from a local animal shelter, animal rescue or pet recovery facility.
Now here are a few easy tips and reviews…
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How to Find a Place for a Dog?
Many dogs like to feel secure and have a place to call there own. A dog kennel can be a good source for this, or an old blanket thrown down in the corner, in a closet or laundry room. You can also buy pillows and baskets made especially for dogs.
Dogs tend to like being around people and would most likely want to sleep in the bed with you. This is something you are going to have to really consider ahead of time. Usually once you let a dog sleep on your bed once, they find it comfortable and want to sleep their ALL the time. If you like having space to move around, letting the dog sleep with you would not be a good idea. They do not seem to understand courteousness. You can put a pillow or dog bed at the end of your bed or on the side of it to let your dog sleep close by.
Puppies should be kept in a cage or kennel at night to keep them out of mischief or from having accidents on the floor. Puppies also like to feel secure. When left alone, they tend to get upset. Unless you want a spoiled puppy it is best to just let them whine or bark a bit. Each night the time will be less and less. It is a good idea to put the puppy to bed before your bedtime. It also helps to cover the kennel or cage with a blanket to block out light. Another trick is to wear an old shirt you don’t really like for a few hours and when you put the puppy to bed, put the shirt in his cage. The smell of you on it will comfort him.
How Much Water Should a Dog Drink a Day?
Dogs need plenty of water, just as people do. However, some dogs drink more than they should and it results in frequent urination, with those types of dogs, their water intake will have to be monitored along with activity. I am not saying deprive a dog of water completely. Water is very essential to a dogs well being! For dogs that have self control you can leave water down for them all day. Every day the water should be changed, the bowl should be cleaned to eliminate any bacteria.
Every dog is different in the amount of water they do drink. Some tend to drink les when they should be drinking more, in this case you can add a small piece of bullion flavoring cube for flavor. I have seen one dog that will drink nothing but natural spring water. Some dogs drink too much water and this tends to lead to accidents if the dog is not able to go out when necessary. When you are home and have more time to let the dog out or take it for a walk, more water can be given. Older dogs tend to regulate their water, they tend to adapt to your routine quite well.
Dogs Can Become Easily Dehydrated
How to determine dehydration: A dog may be dehydrated even when drinking plenty of water due to medical problems, over-activity, heat or stress. One way to easily determine this condition is to check for skin elasticity. On the upper back just below the shoulders, using your thumb and forefinger, pinch the skin gently, lift up and then let go. If the skin returns to normal quickly, your pet is absorbing enough water. If not, encourage your dog to drink more water and call the vet immediately.
Puppies are Easily Over-Watered
This can be a serious problem when trying to housebreak. What goes in, must come out! Therefore, puppies should be on a strict feed-water-walk schedule as soon as possible in order to successfully accomplish housebreaking and to establish normal eating and drinking habits. You should not let a housebreaking puppy have unlimited access to water. After the puppy is done eating or drink, the puppy should be taken outside immediately. Be patient. If the puppy does not eliminate its waste after several minutes, take the puppy back inside and put it in a cages area and try again after 5-10 minutes.
Daily Water Chart – Approx. 1 Ounce Per Pound
|Breed Type||Weight of Dog||Amount of Water Daily|
|Toys: Toy Poodle, Miniature Dachshund, Pekinese, Yorkshire Terrier, etc.||Up to 11 pounds||approx. 1- 11 Ounces/day|
|Small: Beagle, Jack Russell, Cavalier King Charles, etc||11-22 pounds||approx. 11- 22 Ounces/day|
|Medium: Basset Hound, Bull Terrier, Springer & Brittany Spaniel, etc.||22-55 pounds||approx. 22-55 Ounces/day|
|Large: Labrador/Golden Retriever, German Shepherd, Boxer, etc.||55-77 pounds||approx. 55 - 77 Ounces/day|
|Giant: Great Dane, St. Bernard, etc.||77 pounds and Over||Usually at least 77ounces per day, calculate weight of dog and multiply by 1oz.|
Dogs that are more active may require a bit more water, however, you should never give your dog a lot of water before leaving him unattended for long periods of time without expecting an accident.
Dogs also need exercise. It helps them stay healthy. Best exercise they can get is going for a walk or playing fetch in the back yard. They also need time outside to do their business and to also relax in the sun. A dog should not be left outside too long in cold weather or hot weather. They can get frostbite or heatstroke just like humans.
Make sure your yard is completely fenced in or keep your dog on a leash. Make sure it is clear of harmful stuff. Antifreeze is very poisonous to dogs and can be fatal. They also have electronic fences for unfenced yards.
Different states have adapted dog parks in their areas. This is a fenced area that allows dogs to run and play freely. It allows your dog to have contact with other dogs. It also allows people to associate with other people while letting their dogs get the exercise they need. Most dog parks have benches and weather shelters, as well as accessible water. Most have dog parks have litter bags and a place to dispose of his waste. If the dog park does not provide these, it would be best to bring your own bags and clean up after your dog out of respect for the other dog owners. If the dog park has no source of water you should bring your own. You do not want your dog to dehydrate while he is playing. When associating your dogs with other pets, it is best to make sure it is current on all vaccines.
Dog Medical Care
Just as people should have a good doctor they can talk to and relate to, a dog should have a good vet. It is important to have their shots up to date. There are several different types of viruses that are very harmful to dogs, and no matter how well you try and guard your dog, viruses can be exposed to them. A dog can be exposed to a virus in their own backyard, simply by a loose dog running the neighbor coming close to your gate. They can be exposed by their owner or other visitors to your house simply by associating with other pets outside your home or stepping in the virus outside from another animal. Also, most states if not all require a rabies vaccination. There is a one year and a three year rabies vaccination available, you can talk to your vet and see which best suits your dog. If your dog seems sick and does not seem to get better or worsens, it is best to take him to see a vet before it gets worse or becomes fatal. It is always better to be safe than sorry.
Vaccination Schedule for Most Dogs
|5 weeks||Parvovirus: For puppies at high risk. Check with your veterinarian.|
|6 & 9 weeks||Combination vaccine* without leptospirosis. Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern.|
|12 weeks or older||Rabies: Given by your local veterinarian (age at vaccination may vary according to local law).|
|12 & 15 weeks**||Combination vaccine* Leptospirosis: include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if traveling to an area where it occurs. Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern. Lyme: where Lyme disease is a concern or if traveling to an area where it occurs.|
|Adult||Combination vaccine* Leptospirosis: include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if traveling to an area where it occurs. Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern. Lyme: where Lyme disease is a concern or if traveling to an area where it occurs. Rabies: Given by your local veterinarian (time interval between vaccinations may vary according to local law).|
Consult with your local veterinarian to determine the appropriate vaccination schedule for your dog. Recommendations vary depending on the age, breed, and health status of the dog, the potential of the dog to be exposed to the disease, the type of vaccine, whether the dog is used for breeding, and the geographical area where the dog lives or may visit.
* A combination vaccine, often called a 5-way vaccine, usually includes adenovirus cough and hepatitis, distemper, parainfluenza, and parvovirus. Some combination vaccines may also include leptospirosis (7-way vaccines) and/or coronavirus. The inclusion of either canine adenovirus-1 or adenovirus-2 in a vaccine will protect against both adenovirus cough and hepatitis; adenovirus-2 is highly preferred.
** Some puppies may need additional vaccinations against parvovirus after 15 weeks of age. Consult with your local veterinarian.
Bordetella and parainfluenza: For complete canine cough protection, we recommend Intra-Trac II ADT. For dogs that are shown, in field trials, or are boarded, we recommend vaccination every six months with Intra-Trac II ADT.